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Passive Voice (Unit 15)


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Passive Voice (Unit 15) #1 (permalink) Fri Jan 07, 2005 23:13 pm   Passive Voice (Unit 15)
 

Using the active voice, you concentrate on the person or thing carrying out the action.
Examples:
Jenny closes the door.
Kevin hits Tom.

Using the passive voice, you concentrate on the person or thing affected by the action.
Examples:
The door is closed by Jenny.
Tom is hit by Kevin.

As you can see, an important part of the passive is the past participle.

When employing regular verbs, you just have to add ‘–ed’ to the infinitive.
Examples:
to close – closed, to call – called, to cook – cooked

When employing irregular verbs, you take the past participle – usually the third form listed.
Examples:
to write – written, to take – taken, to bring – brought

Another element is the verb ‘to be’ in the right tense.

So: passive voice = person or thing affected + to be + past participle (+ by performer)

Let’s take the sentence “Mike writes a letter.”

Simple Present Passive
A letter is written by Mike.

Simple Past
Active: Mike wrote a letter.
Passive: A letter was written by Mike.

Present Perfect
Active:
Mike has written a letter.
Passive: A letter has been written by Mike.

Future I
Active:
Mike will write a letter.
Passive: A letter will be written by Mike.

If there are any questions, go ahead and ask them! :D

In Unit 16 you will learn all about the Present Perfect tense.
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Passive Voice (Unit 15) #2 (permalink) Fri Aug 18, 2006 17:13 pm   Passive Voice (Unit 15)
 

More forms:

Past perfect
Active: Mike had written a letter
Passive: A letter had been written by Mike

Future perfect
Active: Mike will have written a letter
Passive: A letter will have been written by Mike

Simple present continuous
Active: Mike is writing a letter.
Passive: A letter is being written by Mike

Simple past continuous
Active: Mike was writing a letter
Passive: A letter was being written by Mike

Present perfect continuous
Active: Mike has been writing a letter
Passive: A letter has been being written by Mike

Past perfect continuous
Active: Mike had been writing a letter
Passive: A letter had been being written by Mike

Future continuous
Active: Mike will be writing a letter
Passive: A letter will be being written by Mike

Future perfect continuous
Active: Mike will have been writing a letter
Passive: A letter will have been being written by Mike
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Passive #3 (permalink) Fri Aug 18, 2006 17:20 pm   Passive
 

Hi,

Thanks for your contribution. Just a word of warning: you won't find that the Present Perfect,the Past perfect and the Future Perfect continuous passive forms are really used in practice. The future perfect would be: will have been written and of course don't forget the present perfect: has been written.

Alan
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Passive #4 (permalink) Fri Aug 18, 2006 17:36 pm   Passive
 

Alan wrote:
Thanks for your contribution. Just a word of warning: you won't find that the Present Perfect,the Past perfect and the Future Perfect continuous passive forms are really used in practice.

Thank for your note
Alan wrote:
The future perfect would be: will have beenwritten and of course don't forget the present perfect: has been written.

What's your mention ?

Soli
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Question #5 (permalink) Fri Aug 18, 2006 18:46 pm   Question
 

Hi Soli,

Sorry, I don't understand your question about 'mention'.

Alan
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Passive Voice (Unit 15) #6 (permalink) Fri Aug 18, 2006 18:52 pm   Passive Voice (Unit 15)
 

Hi Alan,

Because the future perfect and the present perfect tense have mentioned above. You re-write again so I don't know what's your mean ?

Thank,
Soli
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Passive #7 (permalink) Fri Aug 18, 2006 19:01 pm   Passive
 

Hi Soli,

I mentioned those two examples because in your first note you have written:
Quote:
Future perfect
Active: Mike will has written a letter
Passive: A letter will has been written by Mike

This should be: will HAVE written and

will HAVE been written

Also you did not include the Present Perfect Simple tenses, which would be: has written and has been written.

Alan
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Passive Voice (Unit 15) #8 (permalink) Sat Aug 19, 2006 5:28 am   Passive Voice (Unit 15)
 

Hi Alan,
:D Thank a lot.
Soliboy
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hi #9 (permalink) Wed Aug 27, 2008 8:50 am   hi
 

Hi,
I really find hard time of understanding these passive and active, in simple present passive and present perfect. This simple present passive makes me confuse because it is present and at the same time past participle. Well you help me to understand this one and explain it to me the rules of how to use it.

Thank you very much. This program is a really big help to me in improving my grammar and enhancing my communication skills both oral and written.

Lyzel
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how to use the tense #10 (permalink) Wed Oct 22, 2008 9:47 am   how to use the tense
 

hi sir.
The tense use is more diffcultly to me, I dont know when is use the passive voice, active voice....etc, and also i want to know what different of "do you know , did you know, do you have know and have you know. please explain to me .
Tks a lot
Rowin :) :)
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Passive Voice (Unit 15) #11 (permalink) Sat Nov 01, 2008 17:19 pm   Passive Voice (Unit 15)
 

Hello,

In this sentences in active :Kevin hits Tom.
passive:Tom is hit by Kevin. why you wrote this word (hit) without "s" ?

Thanks,
Coconut.
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Passive Voice (Unit 15) #12 (permalink) Sun Nov 02, 2008 0:08 am   Passive Voice (Unit 15)
 

"He thought a bomb was going to blow him up."

hi!!

how can i make it into a passive. please..

thankz
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Passive Voice (Unit 15) #13 (permalink) Sun Nov 02, 2008 0:19 am   Passive Voice (Unit 15)
 

Hi Reign18

Welcome to the forum.
Quote:
"He thought a bomb was going to blow him up."

You can make that sentence passive this way:

"He thought he was going to be blown up (by a bomb)."
.
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Passive Voice (Unit 15) #14 (permalink) Sun Nov 02, 2008 0:35 am   Passive Voice (Unit 15)
 

Hi Coconut
Coconut2004 wrote:
In this sentences in active :Kevin hits Tom.
passive:Tom is hit by Kevin. why you wrote this word (hit) without "s" ?
The only time you add "s" to the end of a verb is in the third person singular of the simple present tense in the active voice. You add "s" to the end of the base form.

Your sentence is confusing because the verb "hit" is irregular. The base form, the past form and the past participle are all the same:
hit/hit/hit

For the simple present tense, third person singular in the active voice, you add "s" to the base form of the verb:
- Kevin hits Tom.

To make that sentence passive, you need to use the simple present tense form of "be" in the third person singular ("is") and the past participle "hit":
- Tom is hit by Kevin.
.
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Passive Voice (Unit 15) #15 (permalink) Sun Nov 02, 2008 12:54 pm   Passive Voice (Unit 15)
 

Yankee wrote:
Hi Coconut
Coconut2004 wrote:
In this sentences in active :Kevin hits Tom.
passive:Tom is hit by Kevin. why you wrote this word (hit) without "s" ?
The only time you add "s" to the end of a verb is in the third person singular of the simple present tense in the active voice. You add "s" to the end of the base form.

Your sentence is confusing because the verb "hit" is irregular. The base form, the past form and the past participle are all the same:
hit/hit/hit

For the simple present tense, third person singular in the active voice, you add "s" to the base form of the verb:
- Kevin hits Tom.

To make that sentence passive, you need to use the simple present tense form of "be" in the third person singular ("is") and the past participle "hit":
- Tom is hit by Kevin.
.


Hi Yankee,

what is the meaning of this sentence (third person singular)?
Do you mean the third form listed (past participle)?

Many thanks,
Coconut.
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