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"to drive" vs. "to have driven"



 
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"to drive" vs. "to have driven" #1 (permalink) Sat Apr 15, 2006 6:15 am   "to drive" vs. "to have driven"
 

English Language Proficiency Tests, Advanced Level

ESL/EFL Test #117 "Past Tenses", question 3

She told me ......... carefully on the icy roads.

(a) to be driven
(b) to have driven
(c) to drive
(d) to be driven

English Language Proficiency Tests, Advanced Level

ESL/EFL Test #117 "Past Tenses", answer 3

She told me to drive carefully on the icy roads.

Correct answer: (c) to drive

Your answer was: incorrect
She told me to have driven carefully on the icy roads.
_________________________

Hi all,

Please explain why the correct answer is "to drive"

By the way, this web site is very good.
I learn a lot from here:)

Thanks

rully
rully
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Drive #2 (permalink) Sat Apr 15, 2006 8:08 am   Drive
 

Hi rully,

Glad to hear you like the site. You asked:

Quote:
Please explain why the correct answer is "to drive"


In this sentence

She told me to drive carefully on the icy roads.

This is an example of indirect/reported speech. The actual words she said to me were: Drive carefully on the icy roads

When you repeat or report what she said you use the infinitive (to drive) to express the order (Drive).

I have written a piece on reported/indirect speech for the site. You might like to read it. It appears under the heading esl lessons. Look in the index and you will find: Indirect Speech

Hope you find that useful

Alan
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