Here is all you want to know about English! Start your FREE email English course now!
Google  
English-Test.net
 
small room; piece of office furniture; office; part of a government
cabinet
instrument
principal
originality
full quiz correct answer

TOEFL listening: A lecture from a life sciences class

Overview of TOEFL listening part
TOEFL lecture 1
TOEFL lecture 2
TOEFL lecture 3
TOEFL lecture 4
TOEFL lecture 5
TOEFL lecture 6
TOEFL lecture 7
TOEFL lecture 8
TOEFL lecture 9 — Script Q&A
TOEFL lecture 10
TOEFL lecture 11
TOEFL lecture 12
TOEFL lecture 13
TOEFL lecture 14
TOEFL lecture 15
TOEFL lecture 16
TOEFL lecture 17
TOEFL lecture 18
TOEFL lecture 19
TOEFL lecture 20
TOEFL lecture 21
TOEFL lecture 22
TOEFL lecture 23
TOEFL lecture 24
TOEFL lecture 25
TOEFL lecture 26
TOEFL lecture 27
TOEFL lecture 28
TOEFL lecture 29
TOEFL lecture 30
TOEFL lecture 31
TOEFL lecture 32
TOEFL lecture 33
TOEFL lecture 34
TOEFL lecture 35
TOEFL lecture 36
TOEFL lecture 37
TOEFL lecture 38
TOEFL lecture 39
TOEFL lecture 40
TOEFL lecture 41
TOEFL lecture 42
TOEFL lecture 43
TOEFL lecture 44
TOEFL lecture 45
TOEFL lecture 46
TOEFL lecture 47
TOEFL lecture 48
TOEFL lecture 49
TOEFL lecture 50
Conversations (50 audio exercises)
Lectures (50 audio exercises)
Prep forum for the TOEFL test
English Language Exercises 2206 English Exercises
This English grammar test package will help you learn new phrases, idioms, expressions and grammar structures every single day. And you won't even have to cram any grammar rules or vocabulary words into your head. Instead, you will be absorbing bits and pieces of the English language almost without realizing it.
Get FREE English course via e-mail 
 
50 TOEFL lectures   50 TOEFL conversations
Listen to a conversation 61515 listened   

Please activate Flash to use MP3 player.




Improve your progress in learning English! —
 
These users have taken this test.
Next users >
5/5
See progress report of Machi
Machi

one year ago
 
5/5
See progress report of PhanNhatAnDuyet
PhanNhatAnDuyet

one year ago
 
5/5
See progress report of Thi Nhan
Thi Nhan

one year ago
 
5/5
See progress report of Xukevicky
Xukevicky

one year ago
Do you want to be in this list? Please register on our forum und take the tests with your own progress report!



50 TOEFL lectures
50 TOEFL lectures
A great variety of English listening comprehension tests that will help you increase your TOEFL test score.
  • based on TOEFL academic lectures
  • written and recorded by experienced US authors and voice-over specialists

  • TOEFL Preparation tests Increase your TOEFL test score with
    120 Vocabulary + 100 Grammar tests
    600 word flashcards plus an ESL book
    Dear Friend,
    if you have any questions or comments regarding this article, please click here: Wanted: Feedback on TOEFL Listening Exercises.
    50 TOEFL lectures   50 TOEFL conversations

    TOEFL Listening Comprehension Transcript

    Narrator
    Listen to part of a lecture from a life sciences class.

    Prof: Raise your hand if you're right-handed. Yep, that looks typical. Most of us -- about ninety percent -- are right-handed. It's been that way throughout history. In ever...In nearly every culture, right has been associated with positive qualities, while the left has been associated with negative, or even evil, ones. In Latin, left means "sinister." In ancient Japan, men could reject, er, refuse, to marry women who were left-handed. Um, in modern China, teachers try to force left-handed students to learn to write with their right hands. And, as I'm sure all lefties know, everyday items, like, can openers, uh, scissors, and uh, computer keyboards, are designed for righties. In short, left-handers have been made to feel "left" out ... [pause]. Get it? (sound of groans).

    It might seem straightforward to you and I, but scientifically speaking, the basis of handedness is not well understood. Most scientists define right-handed or left-handed on the basis of a person's preferred writing hand. [Coughs] But some scientists claim it should be based on the hand that is, um, faster and more accurate in performing manual activities, like tightening a screw or, uh, tying a knot. Still others claim that ability doesn't matter; in other words, that handedness should denote only preference. Yes, question?

    S1: What about people who are anti, um, ambi, uh...who use both hands?

    P: You mean ambidextrous. Actually, most scientists agree that genuine ambidexterity is rare, and several of them believe it even rates its own special category as a distinct type of handedness. Uh, the reason for this is that most people can perform several functions relatively equally with either hand, which causes another scientific faction to argue that there are actually only two types of handedness - right and non-right. This group advocates measuring handedness on a continuum, from 100-percent right-handed to 100-percent left-handed. On this scale, we'd say something like, "I'm 60-percent right-handed," or "I'm eighty-two-point-five-percent right-handed" -- though how we'd determine who's more right-handed than another would open a whole new can of worms. OK, um, yes?

    S2: How do people become right-handed or left-handed in the first place? Does it come from your genes?

    P: Mostly, yes. Research shows that handedness is largely genetic. Er, interestingly, though, even when both parents are left-handed, the odds are no better than 50-50 that their children will be lefties. Some scientists believe there is a specific gene that determines right-handedness, but the, uh, trouble is that they can't pinpoint it. They think this gene also aids the development of speech and language comprehension. Many researchers believe that handedness is a result of something called brain lateralization, which is the, uh, concept that each hemisphere of the brain controls different bodily functions. Researchers have long been believed that a person's dominant hand is on the side opposite the brain hemisphere that controls their language specialization, so that right-handed people use the left half of their brain for processing language. But brain lateralization, is, um, not well documented, and there is evidence that seems to contradict this concept. For instance, while it's true that more than 90 percent of right-handed people do process language in their left hemisphere, recent research shows that about 40 percent of left-handed people also process language primarily in the left side of their brain. Additionally, only 10 percent of lefties rely primarily on their right brain to process language.

    So, um, what can we make of this? Though genetics clearly plays a vital role in determining handedness, environment also seems to be a fac [false start] an important factor. A recent archaeological study compared a group of modern Canadians with 1,000-year-old skeletons from a British farming community. The Canadians showed right-handed dominance by a nine-to-one ratio of larger right elbows than left ones. In the ancient skeletons, however, most right and left elbows were equal. Now, this doesn't prove that the British farmers were ambidextrous, but researchers say it does suggest that handedness can be subject to societal influence. So for many, the best hypothesis at this time is that handedness results from a complex interaction of nature and nurture.


    Excerpt from the TOEFL test listening conversation

    Prof: In Latin, left means "sinister." In ancient Japan, men could reject, er, refuse, to marry women who were left-handed. Um, in modern China, teachers try to force left-handed students to learn to write with their right hands. And, as I'm sure all lefties know, everyday items, like, can openers, uh, scissors, and uh, computer keyboards, are designed for righties. In short, left-handers have been made to feel "left" out ... [pause]. Get it? (sound of groans).
    50 TOEFL lectures
    50 TOEFL lectures
    A great variety of English listening comprehension tests that will help you increase your TOEFL test score.
  • based on TOEFL academic lectures
  • written and recorded by experienced US authors and voice-over specialists
  • 50 TOEFL lectures   50 TOEFL conversations


      copyright © 2003—2019 english-test.net  
     
    Get FREE English course via e-mail