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English Grammar Exercises
 

Vocabulary Practice: Penguins (1)

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Home > Free English Tests for ESL/EFL > English Grammar Test, Elementary Level # 118
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Mother penguins lay eggs and baby penguins hatch from these eggs when they are ready.

Correct answer: (b) hatch

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When they are born, baby penguins are called chicks. We call many types of baby birds this when they are small.

Correct answer: (d) chicks

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There are many different types of penguins around the world but, generally, they are black and white in color.

Correct answer: (b) types

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Penguins are social animals and, therefore, tend to live together in large groups called colonies. This means that they like to be around other animals like themselves.

Correct answer: (b) social

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Penguins swim in the ocean and eat small, oceanic animals like krill as well as other types of seafood and fish.

Correct answer: (a) seafood

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Some penguins live in very cold climates in the Antarctic region of the world. These penguins have learned how to survive in very cold environments.

Correct answer: (a) environments

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Even though penguins are part of the bird family, they cannot fly. This means that they cannot soar through the skies with large, powerful wings like other birds are able to do.

Correct answer: (c) fly

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However, penguins still have wings like other birds do. They can't use them to soar through the air but they can use them to swim through the ocean at very high speeds. They can dive and flap them around in the water and they are very good swimmers.

Correct answer: (b) wings

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Penguins spend most of their time in the ocean but they cannot breathe under water because they don't have gills like fish do. Fortunately, they can hold their breath for a long time so they are able to catch and eat fish under water.

Correct answer: (a) breathe

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Penguins are warm-blooded animals but tend to live in very cold climates. However, they have two feather coats as well as a layer of fat (like whales do) under their skin called blubber to keep them warm.

Correct answer: (d) fat

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