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is still regarded by most people as an impolite expression but you hear it nevertheless used in everyday conversation and the tone in which it is spoken indicates its severity or casualness. Thus, a child shouting shut up
to his parents would, we imagine, be reprimanded but in adult conversation the remark: Oh come on, shut up!
I'm trying to be serious! would be quite harmless in it's request for co-operation. More formally Be quiet
and Keep quiet
as orders call for greater respect.
And Hold your tongue!
has a dramatic and almost medieval severity all of its own. Less awe-inspiring are Pay attention now please!
and May I have your attention please?
On a more friendly level when we want quiet we can simply say, Would you mind?
or Settle down now and for a humorous effect we use Right, let's have some hush. Two expressions used in special circumstances are Order, order
called out in a debating chamber and Silence in court!
used in a court of law.
Of course, being quiet can also mean as we say keeping yourself to yourself
or not revealing secrets or personal feelings. We keep mum
or clam up
when we are guarding private information. When others tell us an important piece of news that they don't want advertised around they advise us: Keep it under your hat, don't spread it around, don't tell a soul
or simply Keep it to yourself.
Intentionally preventing information from reaching the public notice can also have sinister motives. So we speak of an incident concerning well-known people as being hushed up
. The idea behind this is that we ought to know about the incident but it is deliberately being kept secret to avoid embarrassment to those involved. In a similar vein if the press is not allowed to publish a story we say it is being gagged
Then there are expressions that point to an absence of noise: It was so quiet you could hear a pin drop
; they sat there the whole evening and didn't utter a sound or more chilling: a deathly hush
fell over the audience when they heard the news. But perhaps the most effective word of quietness is silence
in its various forms. Silence
is the word written on notice boards in, for example, public library reading rooms. The verb to silence
: All opposition was silenced
when the minister explained the reason for the Government's action. A deserted village may be described with a comparison as silent as the grave
and an ominous silence
could be used with reference to a lack of comment where normally some reaction would be expected: An ominous silence
followed John's suggestion to do the cooking that evening, none of us dared say what we were really thinking. Now I take my leave and say no more with the appropriate thought that
Silence is Golden
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